Updated basis of division in the sub-model for children and young people with a foreign background (2015:19)
The Swedish Agency for Public Management (Statskontoret) has completed its commission from the Government to examine whether the district division that is to be introduced in the population register in 2016 should form the basis of division in the sub-model for children and young people with a foreign background. The sub-model equalises the additional costs, primarily for pre-school services and schools, that might result from a municipality having city districts with a relatively high number of children and pupils with a foreign background. The current basis of division is parishes. This means that calculations are based on the population of the parishes where the percentage of children and young people with a foreign background exceeds the national average. The population data is from 2009 and is not updated. The sub-model is one of ten models in the system of cost equalisation between municipalities.
Statskontoret has evaluated district division in relation to alternative bases of division (parish, municipality and ward). This evaluation contained requirements for the basis of division with respect to precision, data supply and simplicity. Precision refers to the basis of division capturing the concentration of children and pupils with a foreign background in an acceptable manner, and that the basis of division does not lead to distortions. Data supply refers to the fact that the division will not change and that the sub-model can be supplied with updated population data. Simplicity refers to the calculations being relatively simple to perform. Districts meet these set requirements. Statskontoret therefore proposes that districts should form the basis of division in the sub-model.
The proposal entails an increase in the financial reallocation. A finer basis of division captures the percentage of children and young people with a foreign background with higher precision than a coarser basis of division. The current basis of division, parishes, will reallocate a total of around SEK 556 million in the equalisation years 2015 and 2016 (based on population data from 2013 and 2014). Districts will increase the reallocation for 2015 and 2016 to around SEK 630 million.
The commission also included a calculation of the outcome for individual municipalities. The financial outcome for the equalisation year 2016 changes in an interval ranging from minus SEK 53 per resident to plus SEK 145 per resident (median of minus SEK 19 per resident). Municipalities that do not have a percentage of children and young people with a foreign background above the national average with the current basis of division, and which would not obtain this level when using districts either, will all have an outcome change of minus SEK 19 since reallocation will increase in the sub-model.